HYPNOSIS IN HISTORY
Hypnosis is an ancestral practice of which we find the first traces in the tablets of Sumerians dated of -4000 years old. History teaches us that the Greeks and the Egyptians would also have practiced trance and medicine by dreams.
In France it was in 1718 that Hypnosis made its appearance thanks to the work of Frantz Anton Mesmer. At the time, it was associated with magnetism. In 1814, the word "hypnotic" was entered in the dictionary of the French academy. Between 1882 and 1892, the neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot, describes it as one of the symptoms of hysteria.
In the 20th century, it's Milton Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist who played a fundamental role in the renewal of hypnosis. His innovative approach to psychotherapy is based on conviction that the patient has within him the resources to respond appropriately to the situations he encounters : It is therefore a question of using one's skills and personal adaptation possibilities. The hypnologist thus invites the subject's subconscious to get rid of problematic behaviors, to replace them with healthy and beneficial behaviors.
Milton Erickson formalized and embodied hypnosis. The teachings of his practice gave birth to Ericksonian hypnosis.
Milton H. Erickson
Ericksonian hypnosis is now recognized by healthcare professionals as a solution-oriented brief therapy. She is differentiates certain practices, such as psychoanalysis, whose goal is to understand the origin of a problem. In Ericksonian Hypnosis, the objective is resolutely turned to the solution and the achievement of a quantifiable fixed result.
Thus, in a limited number of sessions, it is possible to activate the change in a rapid, deep and lasting way.
Scientific studies and numerous documented articles recognize the benefits of hypnosis in supporting smoking cessation, the release of phobias, trauma, emotional management, and addictive behaviors such as bulimia. the field of application is vast and the list not exhaustive.
Gurwann Tran Van Gie in hypnosis session on the set of the film De Beaux souvenirs.
THE DIFFERENCE FROM SHOW HYPNOSIS
Ericksonnian hypnosis, as I practice it, is clearly distinguished from spectacle hypnosis to simple entertaining vocation. The personal work goal is therapeutic here, and replace the sensational and bizarre objective sought by audiences in cabaret hypnosis shows. The two have in common that they function through to the subject's will which makes itself, by its availability, suggestible to hypnosis. This is why the first step before the consultation is to determine an engaging and strong work objective.
A Showman hypnotist at work at the start of the 20th century.